What is SI unit?

International system of unit (SI) is world’s most used system of measurement.

International system of unit (abbreviated SI) is used officially in all countries except USA,Myanmar and Liberia.

It has seven basic units,from which all other units are derived.

Length - Meter

Mass - Kilogram

Time - Second

Electric current - Ampere

Thermodynamic temperature - Kelvin

Luminous intensity - Candela

Amount of substance - Mole

Unit symbols are normal vertical letters and Quantitative symbols are inclined italic letters.All formulas indicating quantities must be written with italic letters.

All other units are derived from base units. There are 22 derived units.

In instrumentation we use only 2 base units level and temperature and two derived units flow and pressure.

Measurement is comparison between the value of process quantity and its unit.

The main advantage of SI system compared to imperial system is that bigger units are obtained from base units by multiples of ten and smaller units by sub multiples of ten.

For example 1 ton = 1 kg * 1000 (Bigger unit)

1 gram = 1 kg / 1000 (Smaller unit)