standard buffer solutions are used for pH calibration
Rinse the electrode thoroughly with DI water to remove all traces of storage solution, process medium, or previous test solution. Thoroughly rinse the electrode after each buffer test to prevent carry over contamination of the pH buffer solutions. Gently blot the electrode on a soft tissue to remove the excess rinse water. Do not rub the bulb since it can cause a static charge build-up.
Insert the electrode and the automatic temperature compensator (ATC) in 7.00 pH buffer solution. Allow 30 seconds for the electrode/ATC to reach thermal equilibrium with the buffer solution. Adjust the pH meter with the standardize/zero control for a pH indication equal to 7.00.
Repeat Step 1, and insert the electrode and the ATC in a 4.01 buffer solution. Allow 30 seconds before adjusting the pH meter with the slope/span control for a pH indication equal to 4.01.
Repeat Steps 2 and 3 to maximize the precision of the calibration.
pH buffer 4 - Red
pH buffer 7 - Yellow
pH buffer 10- Blue